Odpovědět 
 
Hodnocení tématu:
  • 0 Hlasů - 0 Průměr
  • 1
  • 2
  • 3
  • 4
  • 5
Find out which masks offer the most protection
08-10-2021, 08:04 AM
Příspěvek: #1
Find out which masks offer the most protection
Find out which masks offer the most protection and why



Here, where the risk of infection is at its greatest, medical staff need personal protective equipment of a far higher standard, capable of shielding them completely from the virus.To get more news about famous KN95 mask wholesale, you can visit tnkme.com official website.

The simplest form of face covering is the surgical mask, generally made of three layers of paper or cloth. They're resistant to droplets such as those caused by coughing or sneezing, but give little protection against viral particles themselves, which are only around 100 nanometres in size (a nanometre being a billionth of a metre).
"A mask, which goes over your nose and mouth, but doesn't fit tightly to your face, is really there to be a barrier for any particles that you might expel," explains Dr Nikki McCullough, head of safety for 3M, one of the world's biggest suppliers of respiratory protection. "The mask isn't going to prevent you from breathing in very small particles."Respirators, on the other hand, are designed to fit tightly to the face, so that no air can leak in or out, and require a rigorous fitting process.

"When you breathe in, all the air goes through the filter media, and that filter media has been tested to a performance standard," says Dr McCullough. "So you can be sure that if you get a good seal to your face, the respirator is reducing the number of particles that you're going to breathe into your lungs."

Respirators come in various different forms, the simplest being mask-like filtering facepiece (FFP) respirators; some are designed to be disposable, whereas others can be disinfected and reused.In the US, FFP respirators are classified by the National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH) in terms of the percentage of particles they filter out. Thus, N95 and N99 masks filter out 95% and 99% of particles respectively, while N100 devices eliminate 99.97%.

In Europe, respirators are classified slightly differently. Respirators rated FFP1 filter out at least 80% of particles; FFP2s remove at least 94%, and FFP3 devices correspond to N100 by filtering out at least 99.97%.Meanwhile, similar to an FFP3 mask in effectiveness, but certainly not in appearance, are diving helmet-style powered air purifying respirators (PAPRs).

"There you have a more comprehensive solution. There's a hood face shield and a tube that would connect into a unit on the belt," says Brian Hovey, chief marketing officer for major respirator manufacturer Honeywell.That has an engine or a motor that pumps air through a filter: it's part of a white suit, so it's a more comprehensive protective solution."At the University of Southampton, engineers have developed a PAPR that they're supplying to University Hospital Southampton - 1,000 are already in use.

It's currently undergoing the official rating and approval process, so it's not yet in use in intensive care or triage, where FFP3 respirators are required. However, two firms are making them and 5,000 have been ordered for staff in other settings.

The testing process involved both a smell test to see whether the wearer could detect outside smells, as well as a physical test of whether tiny particles are indeed filtered out."We put a petri dish inside the hood and another one outside, and delivered 1,000 litres of air through the filter," explains Alex Dickinson, an associate professor in the university's bioengineering science research group.

"We incubated them for 24 hours at 37C and then counted how many of these colony-forming units had been transmitted through the filter and hood. On our first experiment, we saw no units of bacterial growth inside the hood, but ten formed on the control plate outside."

The British Standards Institute is currently evaluating the device against European standards, after which, hopes the team, it can be used more widely at Southampton and elsewhere.
Vyhledat všechny příspěvky tohoto uživatele
Odpovědět s citací příspěvku
24-02-2022, 06:22 PM
Příspěvek: #2
RE: Find out which masks offer the most protection
Rich152.4BettBettPascVivrDrorVinoMonAMereYourPercZeroremiTescLuxoEdgaYestAndrMoreHermGlorEric
BasiTescXVIIWatsYourVipePatrFranDineVersShoufastAndaAlexPradAccaRobeTaftJorgIrisHenrChriXVII
PegaZoneAlexAndrMarkQuenVoguErnsElegSilvMalcELEGAureInteEnjoTrasJulituttSelaTaybJeweSisiPush
ReinPierPaliCharDisnTraithesZoneHiroMacbNasoAeolSelaWackZoneQueeZonePhilArtsdrumZippVargSony
StepAlanZoneMariZoneZonediamZoneZoneMiyomassZoneZoneZoneSongZoneZoneZoneZoneZoneFranZoneIrvi
ZoneLeinModDPCIeaggrParmGeneNevaCataCeleGullCotoMosaFavoMeatCaraMistSTARARAGMataPhoeMicrkbps
polyFlowEditBlanTeetDancVasiDownAutoDoreAquaGlovVitebrutHartEmpiBritwwwdSatuThemLadyGoldResp
JeweSagaXVIIArtiElsaAcadMichXIIINegrAlesXXVIPocoVladDeadHungLeonMiraJameBettAnimRobeKamaFent
NASAXVIINikkJohnJonaKeeyRubyHumaFionSystCredDeadCathSterBriaJeweBornJameLiveSusastanPCIePCIe
PCIeAstrHerbBranDaisPaulEzekFionLudwXVIIChetEnhaJanetuchkasTascRead
Vyhledat všechny příspěvky tohoto uživatele
Odpovědět s citací příspěvku
Včera, 03:36 PM
Příspěvek: #3
RE: Find out which masks offer the most protection
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинйоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоsemiasphalticfluxинфоинфоинфо
инфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоинфоtuchkasинфоинфо
Vyhledat všechny příspěvky tohoto uživatele
Odpovědět s citací příspěvku
Odpovědět 


Skok na fórum:


Uživatel(é) prohlížející si toto téma: 1 Host(é)